Starting a senior program is a wonderful way to promote social engagement, physical activity, and mental stimulation among seniors. The types of activities that seniors would enjoy can vary widely based on their interests, abilities, and mobility. Here are some popular activities often enjoyed by seniors:
Exercise and Fitness Classes: Offer a range of classes like yoga, tai chi, low-impact aerobics, and chair exercises to promote physical health and flexibility.
Arts and Crafts: Organize art classes, pottery workshops, knitting circles, or other creative activities to tap into seniors’ artistic talents.
Outdoor Activities: Plan nature walks, gardening clubs, or birdwatching excursions to keep seniors connected with the outdoors.
Games and Puzzles: Host game nights with card games, board games, and puzzles. These activities can be both entertaining and mentally stimulating.
Educational Workshops: Invite guest speakers to discuss topics of interest, like history, science, or literature. Learning opportunities are a great way to keep seniors engaged.
Music and Dance: Arrange musical performances or dance classes to bring joy and movement into their lives.
Cooking and Baking: Cooking demonstrations or group baking sessions can be fun and provide opportunities for socializing.
Technology Training: Offer classes on using smartphones, tablets, or computers to help seniors stay connected with loved ones and access online resources.
Volunteer Opportunities: Organize volunteer activities within the community, such as knitting blankets for charities or participating in local cleanup events.
Book Clubs: Create book clubs where seniors can read and discuss books together, fostering social interaction and intellectual stimulation.
Therapeutic Activities: Consider activities like meditation, mindfulness sessions, or pet therapy to promote relaxation and emotional well-being.
Travel and Exploration: Plan day trips to local attractions, museums, or historical sites to keep seniors engaged and explore their surroundings.
Inter-generational Programs: Connect seniors with children or young adults through activities like storytime, mentorship programs, or art collaborations.
Memory Enhancement: Offer memory games and cognitive exercises to help seniors maintain mental acuity.
Holiday Celebrations: Organize festive events and celebrations for major holidays and special occasions.
Remember to consult with the seniors in your program to understand their preferences and needs. Flexibility and inclusivity are key to creating a program that caters to a diverse range of interests and abilities. Additionally, consider the physical and cognitive abilities of your participants when designing activities to ensure everyone can participate and enjoy the experience.
Starting a business comes with a lot of responsibility and a new family member, and his name is Uncle Sam. One thing about family, we try to avoid any family disputes, to do this, you must follow the rules and regulations, which govern starting and running a business. There is no excuse for ignorance of the Law! There are 3 branches of Government you will have to answer to, Federal, State, and Local.
1.PLAN YOUR BUSINESS
The first mistake many people make, is they start a business without a plan or vision for the business! When I hear someone talk about starting a business my mind wanders to a scripture passage found in the bible Proverbs 29:18, which says where there is no vision, the people perish, the same rule applies to starting a business without a vision for your business, it is destined for failure.
A Business Plan is a document that clearly describes your vision, including all the details of your business operations. If you plan to seek financing for your business then a business plan is a must! The main purpose of a business plan is to guide the entrepreneur from where he should start and the business goals.
2. REGISTER A FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME
If your intention is to operate your business under a different name other than your own, you may be required to register your trade name with your state or local government. This form of registration is known as “doing business as” (dba) or fictitious name filing. Check with your state office for information on Business Name Registration.
3. DETERMINE IF YOU NEED A EMPLOYER ID?
Generally, if you are going into business for yourself and you are not starting a corporation or non-profit organization and do not employ anyone, you do not need an EIN. Your social security number is your EIN. You will only need an EIN if you answer “Yes” to any of the following questions.
4. CHOOSE A BUSINESS STRUCTURE The legal structure you choose for your business will impact your business registration requirements, how much you pay in taxes, and your personal liability.
Sole Proprietorship – A sole proprietor is not only one of the common forms of business but it is also one of the easiest types of businesses to form. You are not required to do any kind of special incorporation filing. A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by himself or herself. A business, owned by one owner, makes no legal distinction between the individual owner and the business itself for tax purposes. The owner is fully liable for any legal actions brought against the company.
General Partnership – A business, owned by multiple owners, that makes no legal distinction between the individual owners and the business itself for tax purposes. Owners are fully liable for any legal actions brought against the company.
Limited Liability Partnership – A business, owned by general partners and limited partners, that makes no legal distinction between the General Partners and the business itself for tax purposes. General Partners are also fully liable for any legal actions brought against the company while Limited Partners have limited liability. A limited liability company (LLC) or corporation helps protect your personal assets in case a lawsuit is brought against your business for products sold or services rendered. But may require the help of a professional to start.
C-Corporation – A business, owned by owners and an unlimited number of shareholders, that is a separate legal entity from its owners and shareholders for tax purposes. Owners of a C-Corporation are taxed twice: once as owners and once as shareholders. Owners and shareholders are not legally liable for any legal actions brought against the company.
S-Corporation – A business, owned by one owner and a limited number of shareholders, that is a separate legal entity from the owner and the shareholders. The owner of an S-Corporation only gets taxed once, must be a U.S. citizen, and is not liable for any legal actions brought against the company. Shareholders are not liable for any legal actions brought against the company.
Limited Liability Corporation (LLC) – A business, owned by one owner and an unlimited number of shareholders, that is a separate legal entity from the owner and the shareholders. LLCs need at least two people to be created. The owner of an LLC only gets taxed once and is not legally liable for any legal actions brought against the company. Shareholders are not liable for any legal actions brought against the company.
5. LOCAL ZONING LAWS
Check with your local zoning laws, also referred to as ordinances, ordinances establish what business activities can be carried out in a particular municipality. You need to have approval, and any required permits from zoning, before setting up a business in a particular location including your home. In some areas of zoning and planning, agencies require all home-based businesses to get a Home Occupation Permit.
6. LOCAL BUSINESS LICENSE And PERMITS
General Business License
As a business owner, you are normally required to purchase a yearly general business license. Contact your county clerk’s office for more information and/ or any other licenses or certificates you may be required to carry based on the type of business you are starting. If you plan to run a home business from a property you are renting you may also be required to get permission from your landlord to acknowledge he/she is aware of the fact that you are starting a home business on his/her premises.
Sales Tax Permit
If you intend to sell taxable goods or services online or offline, you may be required to collect state and local sales taxes from your customers. It is your responsibility to apply for a sales tax permit if the state where your business will be located charges a sales tax or levies a gross receipt or excise tax on businesses. Check with your State Revenue office for more information on your state’s requirements for collecting and submitting sales tax.
7. STATE BUSINESS REGISTRATION
Most States if not all, require you to register your business with your State Revenue Agency. State Revenue offices issue a variety of business permits/ licenses depending on the type of business you are starting and the needs of the business.
8. Open A Business Checking Account A business bank account helps you stay legally compliant, organized, and protected.
Setting up a good Bookkeeping system is a must! Keeping track of your business income and expenses will help you in the long run, to be prepared in case of an IRS audit and it will keep you compliant with the law.
10. FILE AND PAY TAXES
As a business owner, you are required to file and pay small business taxes including State, Local, and Federal. Check with your state and local officials for more information on the self-employment taxes you are required to file.
LibreOffice is a powerful and free office suite, used by millions of people around the world. Its clean interface and feature-rich tools help you unleash your creativity and enhance your productivity. LibreOffice is compatible with a wide range of document formats such as Microsoft® Word (.doc, .docx), Excel (.xls, .xlsx), PowerPoint (.ppt, .pptx), and Publisher. You can open your Microsoft document in LibreOffice.
But LibreOffice goes much further with its native support for a modern and open standard, the Open Document Format (ODF). With LibreOffice, you have maximum control over your data and content – and you can export your work in many different formats including PDF. LibreOffice includes several applications that make it the most versatile Free and Open Source office suite on the market:
Writer (word processing)
The writer has all the features you need from a modern, full-featured word processing and desktop publishing tool. It’s simple enough for a quick memo, but powerful enough to create complete books with contents, diagrams, indexes, and more. You’re free to concentrate on your message, while the Writer makes it look great.
Calc is the free spreadsheet program you’ve always needed. Newcomers find it intuitive and easy to learn, while professional data miners and number crunchers appreciate the comprehensive range of advanced functions. Built-in wizards guide you through choosing and using a comprehensive range of advanced features. Or you can download templates from the LibreOffice template repository, for ready-made spreadsheet solutions.
In Impress, creating and editing slides is very versatile thanks to different editing and view modes: Normal (for general editing), Outline (for organizing and outlining your text content), Notes (for viewing and editing the notes attached to a slide), Handout (for producing paper-based material), and Slide Sorter (for a thumbnail sheet view that lets you quickly locate and order your slides).
Draw (vector graphics and flowcharts),
Draw lets you produce anything from a quick sketch to a complex plan, and gives you the means to communicate with graphics and diagrams. With a maximum page size of 300cm by 300cm, Draw is an excellent package for producing technical drawings, brochures, posters, and many other documents. Draw lets you manipulate graphical objects, group them, crop them, use objects in 3D, and much more.
The base is a full-featured desktop database front end, designed to meet the needs of a broad array of users. Base caters to power users and enterprise requirements, providing native-support drivers for some of the most widely employed multi-user database engines: MySQL/MariaDB, Adabas D, MS Access, and PostgreSQL. In addition, the built-in support for JDBC- and ODBC-standard drivers allows you to connect to virtually any other existing database engine as well.
Math (formula editing)
Math is LibreOffice’s formula editor and can be invoked in your text documents, spreadsheets, presentations, and drawings, enabling you to insert perfectly formatted mathematical and scientific formulas. Your formulas can include a wide range of elements, from fractions, terms with exponents and indices, integrals, and mathematical functions, to inequalities, systems of equations, and matrices.
You can start Math either as a stand-alone application directly from the LibreOffice Start Center or directly from within other LibreOffice applications such as Writer, Calc, Impress and Draw.
LibreOffice includes the ability to create and embed charts. Their style, color, and size can be customized in a broad variety of ways – pie charts, square and round columns, trend graphs, dots, 2D and 3D charts, and so much more.
In this tutorial, I will be talking about how to enter a split transaction and the difference between a simple and a split transaction.
In the previous tutorial, I entered a simple transaction. In Gnucash a transaction with only two splits is called a simple transaction., since it only involves the current account and a single chart of account. An example of two splits in the previous tutorial with the opening balance transaction of the 500.00, the two splits involved are the checking account and the equity: opening balance.
Every transaction in GnuCash has at least two splits, but a transaction can have more than two splits. A transaction that involves three or more accounts is called a split transaction. The need for 3 or more splits in a transaction occurs when you need to split either the “from” or the “to” account into multiple transaction accounts.
In Part 1of Creating Invoices in GnuCash, I talked about four things you need to have in place before you begin creating invoices:
The Sales Tax Table
Register Your Business in the system,
Set up your Accounting Period
Setup your Billing Terms.
And I walked you through the steps of setting up each feature. If you haven’t already reviewed Creating Invoices which is part 1 of this tutorial I would suggest you go back and review it now so that you will be able to follow along with this tutorial.
In this tutorial creating invoices Part 2, I will be focusing on accounts receivable as I mentioned in the first tutorial invoicing in accounting terms is a part of Accounts Receivables. Accounts Receivable is money that’s owed to you, such as your invoice to clients. Sales invoices serve as an official record of a sale for both the buyer and the seller.
GnuCash has an integrated accounts receivable system. It is within this account that the integrated A/R system will place transactions. You generally do not work directly with this account. You generally work with the four integrated GnuCash A/R application components,
Customers” People or companies to whom you sell products or services on credit.
Invoices” The physical invoice you send to a customer to request payment. The invoice contains an itemized list of things you sold.
Customer Jobs Customer Jobs is (optional) Customer Jobs are a mechanism by which you can group multiple invoices to a particular customer.
Process the Invoice Payment
In the video tutorial above, I go through each component in detail.
In this tutorial we will be Importing Customers into Gnucash the same method is used to import Vendors. I will also walk you through an issue I encountered while trying to import a customer list and the workaround I used to get the desired results. The ability to Import customers or vendors into GnuCash is es-specifically useful if you have a large list of customers or vendors you need to enter into the system.
Not only can you use GnuCash to enter new customers or vendors in bulk but you can also update exciting customers or vendors you previously entered into the system using a CSV import file.
If you don’t already have a customer or vendor list you can easily create one using any spreadsheet program such as excel or use a free program such as LibreOffice Calc or google spreadsheet.
Now one of the most important things to keep in mind is that you must create the customer or vendor list according to Gnucash’s predefined format. It does not matter if you are using a list that has already been created you will have to follow Gnucash’s predefined format unless you know how to use a different method.
In making the distinction between a hobby or business activity, take into account all facts and circumstances with respect to the activity. A hobby activity is an activity not done for profit. This includes activities done mainly for sport, recreation, or pleasure. No one factor alone is decisive. You must generally consider these factors in determining whether an activity is a business engaged in making a profit:
Whether you carry on the activity in a businesslike manner and maintain complete and accurate books and records.
Whether you have personal motives in carrying on the activity.
Whether the time and effort you put into the activity indicate you intend to make it profitable.
Whether you depend on income from the activity for your livelihood.
Whether your losses are due to circumstances beyond your control (or are normal in the startup phase of your type of business).
Whether you or your advisors have the knowledge needed to carry on the activity as a successful business.
Whether you were successful in making a profit in similar activities in the past.
Whether the activity makes a profit in some years and how much profit it makes.
Whether you can expect to make a future profit from the appreciation of the assets used in the activity.